Utpal Borpujari

December 2, 2008

Sense of alienation of NE people fully justified: Jahnu Barua

The problems that North-East India face are not today’s. And at least since Independence, we know who to blame for it. No one from any government at the Centre can say they had not neglected the region. The rest of India has continuously done so, and I can give hundreds of examples of this, which would sound like accusations but are true. Take for example the bridges over the Brahmaputra or the oil refineries. For each one of them, the people of Assam have had to agitate, while in other parts of the country they come as part of the normal developmental process. 

What is worse is that whatever the Centre does or gives to the North-East, it is made to sound as if it has been some kind of alms, some kind of favour. That does not happen when things are given to other states, say Bihar or Maharashtra. So, if people of the region feel disgruntled and alienated, it is very much justified. 

The people of the North-East are very simple in their behaviour and outlook towards life, and the governments at the Centre have always taken advantage of that. Most of the genuine grievances of the people there have been allowed to fester over decades and never attended to when they were solvable. Now, many of that has solidified and aggravated into militant movements. I don’s support militant approach to problems but then it has been allowed to happen by the uncaring political class, both at the Centre and the region.  

Let me give you one recorded example. When the Naga leader Phizo wanted to meet the then Prime Minister Morarji Desai in London, he was told that first he had to announce his allegiance to the Indian Constitution. It is simply beyond me how can a leader refuse to meet someone from his own country just because he has problems with our Constitution. You go and meet and discuss, only through which problems can be resolved, not by such attitudes. First the problems will allowed to be aggravated, and not resolved when they would be in their very initial, resolvable phases, and then Army would be brought in to roughly to control things when it becomes uncomfortable. 

Local politicians of the region have also largely failed to play their roles. Did any of the region’s MPs get together in Delhi to jointly raise the issue of recent serial blasts in Assam? All they do is blame one another. People of the region have lost their faith in them long back. 

The leadership of the region has also failed to make new generations aware about the resources of our region. For example, I can bet that 99.99 per cent school and college students in Assam would not be able to say five sentences about the process that converts tea leaves into tea. I don’t blame the youth for that, it is the failure of the region’s policy makers that we don’t know about our own resources. Imagine, if a process had been formulated immediately after Independence to make the students aware about the region’s resources, now many be 70 per cent of the tea business would have been in the hands of local people. The same goes for each and every resource of our region, be in timber or oil. 

(As told to Utpal Borpujari)  

(Published in Sakaal Times, www.sakaaltimes.com, http://epaper.sakaaltimes.com, 30-11-2008)

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December 1, 2008

The magic of cinema, now showing at IFFI in Goa

Quite a few cinematic gems have lit up the 39th International Film Festival of India. Utpal Borpujari gives a lowdown on the best of IFFI 
 
Nightmares, dreams…lust, love…shock, provocation…epical, minute…human emotions of all hues have overtaken Goa. The backdrop is the 39th International Film Festival of India (IFFI), and the reason for outpouring of all this are a few outstanding films that have left viewers begging for more. 

The festival, with a mixed bag of films that range from outstanding to so-so, has been made worthwhile by a few cinematic gems that have displayed creativity at its best through cinema from some veteran and some freshmen filmmakers from across the globe. 

Waltz With Bashir is one such film. Autobiographical to a great extent, this animated film is not what would usually fall into the category of animation films we are accustomed to – the picture-perfect Disney images where happy characters inhabit. It’s not even like the recent Persepolis, a film with political overtones told through the story of a young girl growing up during the Islamic Revolution in Iran.  

Instead, Waltz With Bashir, a runaway hit at the IFFI this time – both its shows have gone packed – is about the horrors that wars bring upon people directly impacted by it. A film that has a rough edge to the animation matching with the story of the psychological impact of war on young soldiers, it is based on the personal experiences of director Ari Folman, who as a young Israeli soldier had taken part in the 1982 Lebanon war that included several massacres of innocent people, including a large number of children. 

Israel’s entry for the 2009 Best Foreign Film Oscar, the film’s protagonist is Ari himself, trying to overcome a recurrent nightmare by recalling his lost memories about the war through conversations with his erstwhile comrades in the Army now scattered across continents. As he embarks on his journey, not only his but also his friends’ horror tales come alive – the horror they had witnessed during the war as young soldiers. The film’s full impact comes at the very end – as suddenly the animations become live images as Ari recalls the memories of the piled up bodies of civilians killed in the war in Lebanon. As against the unreal imagery that animation always conjures up, the sudden appearance of visuals of real, rotting dead bodies of children, old people, robust youth left such an impact on the viewers that one would heard a pin drop in the theatre as the film ended, so deafening was the silence from the visual impact of the film. 

Another film that has left viewers shocked and awed is Ang Lee’s Lust, Caution (Se, Jie). A China-Taiwan-USA-Hong Kong coproduction, this is a film that has scorched the film festival scenario across the globe, winning the Golden Lion at Venice and getting huge critical acclaim all over. A film that has shocking scenes of violent sex that often seems disturbingly real –  its makers have never really been clarified by the makers if these scenes spread over ten minutes, reportedly shot over 100 hours, were simulated or not – Lust, Caution is something that gives a completely different dimension to the cinema of Ang Lee, which viewers have known through films like Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon, Brokeback Mountain, The Hulk or Sense and Sensibility. Set in Shanghai during the Japanese occupation of China in 1942, on the surface, it is the story of one young revolutionary being planted at a vicious Japanese collaborator’s to get him assassinated. Marked by outstanding cinematography and powerful acting, it is, however, much beyond that – going to explore the deeper reaches of dark human emotions. 

Blindness by Brazilian Fernando Meirelles of City of God fame is another director whose work has left viewers in a similar state of shock. The opening film at this year’s Cannes Film Festival, it is based on the 1995 novel of the same name by Nobel winning Portuguese author Jose Saramago about a society suffering from an epidemic of blindness. A hard-hitting film in English, starring the likes of Julianne Moore, Danny Glover and Mark Ruffalo, the film has made a major impact on the festival. Another definite highlight has been debutant director Sergey Dvortsevoy’s Tulpan, Kazakhstan’s official entry for the 2009 Best Foreign Language Film Oscar. But unlike Waltz With Bashir or Lust, Caution, it is a story set in lighter tones, though it too focuses on the struggle for survival of those living in the Kazakh steppe. Quite simply, a gem of a film it is.  

Quite a few of the Indian content at the festival too have left an impression on the festival delegates. Among them is Chaturanga, Bengali director Suman Chattopadhyay’s second feature film based on Rabindranath Tagore’s story Char Adhyay (Four Chapters). A deeply-contemplative film with some outstanding performance from Subrat Dutta, Joy Sengupta and Rituparno Sengupta, Chaturanga is set in a period about 100 years ago but has connotations for the current times as it raises questions like ideological failures, man-woman relationship, place of women in society and so on. Anjan Dutt’s Chaurasta – Crossroads of Love (English), part of the Film India Worldwide section, is another little gem that is an ode to the charm of, Darjeeling, through the story of a few individuals who find a new meaning to their lives in the Queen of the Hill Station. With Priyadarshan’s touching Kanchivaram (Tamil, in the competition section), Joseph Pulinthanath’s Yarwng (Roots – in Kokborok language of Tripura – which opened the Indian Panorama section) and Sooni Taraporevala’s endearing Little Zizou (English-Gujarati-Hindi), this is one film that has kept up the Indian flag flying high at the festival. 

(Published in Sakaal Times, www.sakaaltimes.com, http://epaper.sakaaltimes.com, 29-11-2008)

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